Food Science

A Guide to Food Additives - H

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A Guide to Food Additives - H

Name Other Names Purpose Sourced

Heliotropin

Pubchem

Piperonal

Used as a fragrant and flavoring agent similar to vanillin or cherry

Exists in plants such as dill, vanilla, violet flowers and black pepper

Helium

Pubchem

E939

Inert gas used in packaging, as a propellant and canned products

Found in the Earth's atmosphere, natural gas & radioactive decay of uranium & tthorium

Hemp Oil

hempseed oil

Used as a food oil

Extracted from Cannabis sativa plant

Heptyl p-hydroxybenzoate

Pubchem

E209, Heptylparaben

Used as a preservative

Produced by microorganisms

Hexamine

Pubchem

E239, methenamine, urotropin, hexamethylene tetramine

Water-soluble, used as an anti-fungal preservative in fish and dairy products

Approved in EU. Not approved in USA, Russia, Australia & New Zealand.

Synthesized from formaldehyde & ammonia

Hexyl acetate

Pubchem

n-Hexyl acetate

Used as a flavoring agent because of fruity smell

Present in fruits such as apples, alcoholic beverages and plums

High fructose corn syrup

Pubchem

glucose-fructose syrup, isoglucose

Replacement for table sugar(sucrose) in food industry, used in sweet foods, pancake syrups and soft drinks

Made from corn starch

Horseradish

"Western wasabi"

Used to make condiments, sauce, wasabi substitute, ingredient in global cuisines, garnishing and as a vegetable

Plant of family Brassicaceae

Hydrochloric acid

Pubchem

E507, Chlorane, Muriatic acid, Spirits of salt, hydronium chloride

Used as an acidity regulator in cheese and beer brewing

Gastric acid in stomach, synthesized used salt and sulphuric acid

Hydroxypropyl cellulose

E463, HPC, hyprolose

Water soluble used as a thickening agent, binder, emulsifier, clumping agent, fiber & filler

 

Found in cellulose from plants and prepared using wood and synthetically

Hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate

E1442,HDP

Used as a thickening agent,

Modified resistant starch

Hydroxypropyl methylcellulose

Pubchem

E464, hypromellose, HPMC

Water soluble thickening agent, filler, fiber, suspending agent and emulsifier

Synthesized using cellulose found in plants

Hydroxypropyl starch

E1440

Thickening agent in foods, fermented by intestinal microbiota

Modified starch made from tapioca starch

Hyssop

Hyssopus officinalis

Used in herb mixtures, steaming, plant used to making aromatic honey, condiments and flavoring liqueur

Produced by certain fungi and insects

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