Food Science

Guide to Food Additives - I

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Guide to Food Additives - I

Name Other Names Purpose Sourced

Indanthrene blue RS

Pubchem

E130, indanthrene

Food dye

Not approved in USA and EU

Synthetic

Indigo carmine

Pubchem

Indigo, FD&C Blue No. 2, Indigotine

Blue food color

Found in several plants, synthesized for commercial purposes

Indole

Pubchem

!-benzazole

Floral smell at very low concentrations

Found in human feces

Inosinate

Pubchem

E630, Inosinic acid, inosine monophosphate, IMP

Flavor enhancer, especially umami taste, in soups, sauces, seasonings and meat products

chickenby product and meat waste

Inositol

Pubchem

myo-inositol, phaseomannite, Vitamin B8

Sweetener, half as a sweet as table sugar

Produced in human kidneys, 2 grams per day, found in the brain to create neurotransmitters and steroid hormones, found in fruits such as cantaloupe & oranges, beans, grains and nuts

Insoluble fiber

Dietary fiber, roughage

Insoluble in water, inert to digestive enzymes and usually fermented by the colon, bulking agent, thickening agent, used in various foods

Various types found in fruits and vegetables

Inulin

Pubchem

glucose-fructose syrup, isoglucose

Lightly sweet sweetener, filler, low calorie, soluble in water, prebiotic, used in various food products

Primarily extracted from chicory roots, found in thousands of fruits, vegetables and cereals

Invert sugar

Invert syrup

Used in jams, golden syrup, chocolate fondants, alcoholic beverages, sour patch kids and creme eggs

Dissolving table sugar(sucrose) in water, combination of glucose and fructose

Invertase

Saccharase, glucosucrase, invertin, sucrase

Enzyme that speeds up breakdown of sucrose(table sugar) into fructose and glucose, Chocolate covered cherries, fondant candies, specialties

Derived from yeast, made by bees to convert nectar into honey

Iron ammonium citrate

Pubchem

E381, Ammonium ferric citrate

Acidity regulator, salt, soft drinks, anti-caking agent

 

Synthetic

Iron oxides

E172

Coating surfaces, orange/brown/black/yellow/red color

Made from oxidation of iron powder

Isobutane

E943b, i-butane

Used as a propellant in spray cans

Isomer of butane, a natural gas

Isomalt

E953

Sugar alcohol, low calorie, used in sugar-free candies, confections, lowest cooling effect among sugar alcohols

Modified starch made from tapioca starch

Isopropyl citrates

Hyssopus officinalis

Used in herb mixtures, steaming, plant used to making aromatic honey, condiments and flavoring liqueur, lower crystallization than sucrose

Synthesized from sucrose(table sugar)

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